Mohammed Nuru and Walter Wong
Contractor and permit expediter Walter Wong, right, pictured here in 2018 with ex-Public Works boss Mohammed Nuru. Photo by Susana Bates for Drew Alitzer Photography.

In the latest salvo stemming from the FBI’s arrest of ex-Public Works boss Mohammed Nuru, City Attorney Dennis Herrera today disseminated 14 subpoenas. They target entities tied to the stalled 555 Fulton mixed-use project — which Nuru allegedly attempted to aid behind the scenes, in exchange for gifts lavished on him by the building’s Chinese billionaire developer. 

The subpoenas targeted six companies associated with that developer, Zhang Li. Walter Wong, the deeply connected San Francisco permit expediter who handled permitting issues for 555 Fulton, was subpoenaed individually; four businesses housed in a building he owns at 205 13th St. were also subpoenaed today. 

Subpoenas were also issued to two investment firms and an engineering firm with ties to the 555 Fulton project. 

Nuru’s alleged attempts to pull strings for the 555 Fulton project after being showered with valuable gifts by Zhang was one of “five schemes” named in a 75-page complaint unsealed by the U.S. Department of Justice on Jan. 28. 

This one was referred to as the “Multimillion-Dollar Mixed-Use Development Scheme.”

555 Fulton
The 555 Fulton project, in the shadow of City Hall.

The complaint outlined fraud charges leveled against Nuru and restaurateur Nick Bovis, which could carry 20-year prison sentences. Nuru — who allegedly broke a cooperation agreement with the feds and informed potential targets of the long-running corruption probe — is additionally charged with lying to the FBI. That alleged crime could result in an additional five-year sentence.  

On an FBI wiretap, Nuru purportedly bragged about the luxurious accommodations and valuable gifts bestowed upon him by “DEVELOPER 1” during a jaunt through China. On the phone, Nuru said he knows the developer through “CONTRACTOR 2.”

“DEVELOPER 1” has been subsequently identified as Zhang, a principal in Z&L Properties, the developer of 555 Fulton. “CONTRACTOR 2” is listed in the complaint as “a building permits expediter who is affiliated with Nuru.” Walter Wong handled permitting on the 555 Fulton project; his 13th Street offices were raided by federal agents on Jan. 28. He has been identified by Mission Local and other media outlets as “CONTRACTOR 2.”    

The goods they were allegedly gifted included “some stone” — uncut diamonds, potentially — given to Nuru and CONTRACTOR 2. “I don’t know how much they’re worth … they’re tons of money,” Nuru said on the wiretapped line. He also boasted about drinking Zhang’s $10,000 liquor, staying free at his seven-star hotel, and being gifted a $2,070 bottle of wine. 

On wiretaps and in encrypted WeChat messages, Nuru pledged to aid the stalled 555 Fulton project. On a tapped phone line, he purportedly relayed a subordinate instructions on how to move along the development. 

Within Department of Building Inspection databases, records do not appear to have been generated regarding the work allegedly carried out at Nuru’s behest. What’s more, work Building Department officials tell Mission Local warranted analysis and scrutiny was subsequently given a cursory “over the counter” approval.  

Mission Local has confirmed that FBI agents on Feb. 5 visited the Department of Building Inspection. A Building Department spokesman affirmed the visit, but was tight-lipped regarding any other query. 

Multiple sources, however, have said the feds went to the Building Department’s server area and were interested in files regarding 555 Fulton. What’s more, multiple Building Department sources told us that those files had disappeared off the system for roughly a week — and then reappeared.

It is unclear why this took place or if the files have, in some way, been altered. An FBI spokesman declined to discuss whether the agents found what they were seeking.  

Within the Jan. 28 complaint, FBI special agent James Folger stated he believes “CONTRACTOR 2” (Wong) “has paid for or subsidized part of Nuru’s trips to South America and China in 2018. I believe that CONTRACTOR 2 provides these benefits to Nuru so that Nuru will use his official position to help CONTRACTOR 2 when needed.” 

Folger also wrote that “I believe Nuru confirmed his recent vacations to China and South America were largely subsidized, and that he had received free hotel and resort accommodation, free food, and transportation throughout China, because of his assistance to CONTRACTOR 2 and DEVELOPER 1.” 

A woman described as “GIRLFRIEND 1” paid nearly $1,200 in cash for a room at the Ritz-Carlton in Santiago, Chile in October 2018. Multiple city officials tell Mission Local that GIRLFRIEND 1 is Sandra Zuniga, the head of the mayor’s “Fix-It Team.” She was identified as such in the San Francisco Chronicle this month. Zuniga, currently on leave, was on the other end of the wiretapped line when Nuru purportedly bragged about the stones and other items gifted him in China.

The six subpoenas issued today for Zhang Li-related entities were sent to Z&L Properties, Inc.; Z&L Realty; 555 Fulton Street Holdings; 555 Fulton Street Development; 555 Fulton Street Partners; and FPC Builders, Inc. (FPC shares a Foster City address with Z&L). 

Synergy California Green Hospitality Regional Center, LLC and SCGHRC Holdings III, LLC, — investment firms with ties to the 555 Fulton project — were also subpoenaed. So was the engineering outfit BKF Engineers. 

Wong was hit with an individual subpoena as were four companies with ties to him: W. Wong Construction Co., Jaidin Consulting Group, LLC; Jaidin International Ventures; and Alternate Choice, LLC. All four of these companies are headquartered out of a building Wong owns at 205 13th Street, which federal agents raided on Jan. 28.  

A Jan. 29 phone call from Mission Local to Wong’s office rang about seven or eight times before a woman picked up the phone. She said she had “nothing to say” about Wong’s alleged appearance in the complaint, or the raid.  

U.S. Attorney David Anderson on Jan. 28 addresses the media regarding charges filed against Mohammed Nuru and Nick Bovis. He is flanked by U.S. Attorneys to his right, and FBI agents to his left. To Anderson’s immediate left is FBI Special Agent In Charge Jack Bennett.

Wong was born in Hong Kong in 1948 and arrived in the United States at age 23. From humble beginnings — he worked in restaurants and as a janitor — he broke into the construction business in 1979. 

By 2001 he was a deeply connected permit expediter and contractor who, as long ago as 2001, was described as a “powerhouse” in the Chronicle — a man with a unique ability to push through his clients’ projects, in large part through his chumminess with the power players at the Department of Building Inspection and the city writ large. 

“He got things done that were impossible,” a developer this week told Mission Local, adding that it always seemed to be done with a “wink-wink.” 

Along with Nuru, Mission Local is told that Ed Lee was a frequent visitor to Wong’s office in the 1990s and beyond. As Department of Public Works boss, Lee supervised Nuru. As mayor, Lee in 2011 named him head of the department — in spite of a lengthy record of ethical lapses that percolated over into mainstream newspaper stories as long ago as 2004.  

During the tenure of Mayor Willie Brown, Building Department veterans say Wong was known to walk behind the counter at the department and expedite matters himself. 

The doors to the employee area were jokingly called “The Wong Doors.”

An analysis of campaign finance records reveals that, since 1999 Wong and/or his staffers and affiliates have donated nearly $109,000 to San Francisco politicians or political committees.

A variety of companies headquartered out of his building on 205 13th St. have or have had city contracts, providing San Francisco with items such as visibility vests, police barricades, or, notably, trash cans. 

A March 4 hearing, in fact, will examine how Alternate Choice, LLC — one of the companies subpoenaed today — ended up with a $5.2 million trash can contract with San Francisco Public Works in 2018. That company is based out of the 13th Street building and registered to “Washington Wong” — who appears to be one of Walter Wong’s children. 

Supervisor Aaron Peskin this week alleged that Nuru’s antipathy to “Big Belly” trash cans stemmed from this contract with a connected company. City records reveal that Alternate Choice received $601,462 in the most recent fiscal year and between $759,000 and $811,000 in each of the three prior years. 

Today’s subpoenas come on the heels of 10 issued by Herrera’s office on Feb. 12; PG&E, Webcor, Recology, and other outfits were questioned about “funneling money,” allegedly under the guise of Bovis’ charity outfit, into an extravagant holiday party for Public Works employees and other city officials. 

Mohammed Nuru
Director of Public Works, Mohammed Nuru. Photo by Lola M. Chavez

Many of today’s 14 subpoenas ask companies for evidence that Wong, Zhang — or the companies themselves — provided “a thing or service of value” to city employees. The City Attorney is also demanding documentation within multiple subpoenas relating to meals at San Francisco’s R&G Lounge and Waterfront Restaurant — and the source of payment for those meals. 

The subpoenas also seek communications between city officials and 555 Fulton’s developers and contractors — such as 555 Fulton Partners and W. Wong Construction — and basically everything to do with the stalled development and the city: agreements with lenders and investors, communications with lenders that reference city employees, and communications that reference the stalled development’s progress or estimated completion date. 

All of the subpoenas ask for evidence relating to the companies providing tables, chairs, tents or other equipment that could be used for city events. 

The woman picking up the phone today at Wong’s construction office did not know about the subpoenas. She said Walter Wong was not in. A call to a number listed for Washington Wong has not yet been returned.

An e-mail sent to Z&L has not been returned, nor was one to BKF. A message was left with Synergy.

Documents from the City Attorney’s office are available here.

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Managing Editor/Columnist. Joe was born in San Francisco, raised in the Bay Area, and attended U.C. Berkeley. He never left.

“Your humble narrator” was a writer and columnist for SF Weekly from 2007 to 2015, and a senior editor at San Francisco Magazine from 2015 to 2017. You may also have read his work in the Guardian (U.S. and U.K.); San Francisco Public Press; San Francisco Chronicle; San Francisco Examiner; Dallas Morning News; and elsewhere.

He resides in the Excelsior with his wife and three (!) kids, 4.3 miles from his birthplace and 5,474 from hers.

The Northern California branch of the Society of Professional Journalists named Eskenazi the 2019 Journalist of the Year.

Julian grew up in the East Bay and moved to San Francisco in 2014. Before joining Mission Local, he wrote for the East Bay Express, the SF Bay Guardian, and the San Francisco Business Times.

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  1. The budget chair also the assemblyman in San Francisco writes bills to fund this corruption. Then these companies donate right back into this same politicians fundraising. Why do you think the entire California tax payers money is only spend in San Francisco. And this assemblyman writes his own corrupt bills. So happens he’s even the budget chair. Drain the swamp

  2. I represent a family member who has had a soft commit on one of the condos here for several years. Very frustrated with all the construction delays and now with the corruption charges which are unsettling. Trying to see if there are other people out there in the same position to discuss what we can do collectively going forward as potential buyers. Please post here and let’s see if we can get a group going.

  3. Why is “permit expediter” even a thing? How is this allowed? Either we have a permitting process for everyone, or we don’t have one. Period.

    The amount of graft in this town is staggering.

    We need to cull every senior manager out of the DBI, set all new policies to ease building projects (especially for small local businesses), and have the FBI put the entire DBI building and staff on wiretap.

  4. The City Attorney’s Investigators should really interview all Public Works staff. There are surely lots of complaints about the corrupt practices of Nuru and Friends that were just put into a manila folder to gather dust. The city makes a big deal about their whistleblower process, but it’s a big con job. They do nothing. Probably a bunch of complaints at DHR also gathering dust.

  5. It’s fun to see the City’s political stooges elbowing their way into this investigation. They’re just trying to sniff out the weak points before the feds find them first. Since the feds aren’t complaining about interference, it’s safe to say the feds are probably well ahead and content to watch and see who tries to intimidate witnesses and obstruct justice.

  6. What a lot of people dont know is San Francisco used to be apart of San Mateo County. We became our own City and County in the 1850’s.

    Thank You Hank. But it’s time the got what’s coming. They have hurt a lot of people, Businesses, Home owners, Children Programs, Educational Programs ETC in The City. As far as Willy Brown is concerned…You can see the things he did to improve The City. Im not so hot on taking him down, He was a good Mayor who loved the City.

    PS What does Bernie have to do with The City and County of San Francisco?

    1. The City and County of San Francisco is run by the Democratic establishment. Which is why London Breed has endorsed Bloomberg and Nancy Pelosi endorsed London Breed, Gavin Newsom, and Ed Lee. Starting with Willie Brown, all these mayors (as well as Kamala Harris) have all been deeply connected with Nuru and continued to appoint him and put him in a place of power despite obvious corruption/everyone knowing he funneled $$$ to their campaigns. Willie Brown loves Bloomberg, because they all represent the same Dem establishment, which is deeply corrupt and directly correlates to the crisis playing out on SF streets today. SF is not a progressive island, but a microcosm of the national stage and illustrates the failings of the DNC who puts profit over people.

    2. You can genuinely love the city, do good things for it, and still be corrupt to the bone. There’s no such thing as a good mayor in this town.

  7. I had no idea BKF wad involved too. They did the largest developments in San Francisco including the Candlestick Point, Hunters Point, Treasure Island, and Park Merced MEGA development projects that make 555 Fulton look like a tiny speck of dust next to gargantuous mountains. Wonder if FBI will look into those developments or if the people behind those developments are protected by the powers controlling the FBI and that this whole Nuru fiasco was just a targetted investigation to serve political agendas by the true powers pulling the strings.

  8. The millions of people voting for Bernie in 2020 are tired of this elite corruption! From Willie Brown to all subsequent SF mayors and now-governor Gavin to Nancy Pelosi (not saying she is implicated, but these are her chums-and all deeply connected) the Dem establishment is rotten to the core. It’s laughable that they try to posit themselves as anti-Trump when they are involved in the same real estate corruption, scamming through nonprofits and devotion to their corporate donors/bribers. All while the citizens suffer. Time to clean house.