Sarah Souza, one of the Prop. C organizers
Sarah Souza snaps a picture of the newly installed photos and information to help increase visibility for the 2020 Census. Meanwhile, hundreds of Chinese residents line up to register for the census in the popular Portsmouth Square in Chinatown. Photo by Annika Hom.

This dispatch is part of a series called “On the Ground” with Report for America, an initiative of The GroundTruth Project. A version of this story appeared on USA Today on Oct. 8, 2020.

In 2006, amid the typical post-New Year’s frenzy at Pier 39 — kids spinning on the carousel, the smell of fresh chocolate wafting from candy shops — Immigration Customs and Enforcement officers disrupted the scene. Sarah Souza, then 19, watched on the Spanish-language news channel as agents arrested undocumented workers, burdened with the knowledge that her uncle worked there.

Then the image on the screen changed to a picture of her apartment building near Geary Boulevard; agents had learned her uncle lived there. Her uncle’s friend, who had escaped the round up at Pier 39, called Souza and her mother to warn them agents would soon be at their door.

The mother and daughter, undocumented Brazilian immigrants living in the one-bedroom apartment, fled. A friend moved their belongings to the basement of the mother’s employer, where they would live for six months.

Souza recalls this “frightening” time as her catalyst into political activism.

“They treated them like animals,” Souza said. “After that, I had a calling to fight against the system.”

Souza now works as an administrative aide at City Hall and is President of the Board of Directors at La Raza Community Resource Center, which offers social and legal services to low-income Latinx immigrants. Her latest role is spearheading one of the more controversial propositions of the upcoming local election: Prop C.

The proposed City Charter amendment would allow noncitizens — including green card holders and undocumented residents — to serve on all city commissions and advisory boards. If it passes, San Francisco will be the first major city in the country to grant noncitizens this ability.

In San Francisco, 35% of residents are foreign-born, hailing from China, the Philippines, Mexico, El Salvador and other countries. Of these, 13.6% are noncitizens, according to Census data, and approximately 35,000 are undocumented.

Currently, only citizens may serve on certain city commissions — including the Immigrant Rights Commission — which craft budgets, advise the mayor and introduce legislation. This prevents representative diversity of the “progressive” sanctuary city, Souza argues, and Prop. C is a step toward achieving equity.

“We have the lived experience and understand those barriers,” Souza said of the value of an undocumented voice on the Immigrant Rights Commission. “We need political representation, especially when we are facing unprecedented challenges.”

During the pandemic, immigrants have been among the hardest hit, prompting city leaders to partner with immigrant groups and distribute funds for undocumented residents who did not qualify for federal unemployment or other assistance. They created grassroots testing for Latinx residents, who contracted COVID-19 at a disproportionate rate citywide.

Another place for noncitizens to contribute to reform is on the Police Commission, said Gabriel Medina, a citizen and the co-leader with Souza of the campaign and fundraising for Proposition C. The commission holds disciplinary hearings when there are charges of police misconduct and is often seen as a political stepping stone.

Activists point to two incidents within the past five years in advocating for noncitizen representation in those hearings: The fatal police shootings of undocumented Mexican immigrant Luis Góngora Pat and Guatemalan immigrant Amilcar Pérez-López in the Mission.

“We need that aspiring citizen voice to protect [immigrants],” Medina said.

All 11 members on the Board of Supervisors have voiced support for the amendment. The supes have, in the past, supported other noncitizen propositions like Prop. N in 2016, which allowed noncitizen voting in school board elections. While two prior attempts failed, voters passed Prop. N by a 54% majority.

Ivy Zhou, a Chinese immigrant active in school board politics, naturalized in 2016 and will vote for Proposition C.

“As residents of San Francisco, you should have the ability to participate in the decision-making process,” Zhou said through a translator.

Prop. C is a clear next step for its sponsor, Supervisor Shamann Walton, who represents predominantly Black and Asian communities in District 10. Walton said the thousands of immigrants living in the city hold stakes in politics, regardless of immigration status: noncitizens pay taxes, operate and shop at businesses and enroll their kids in local schools.

A 2017 study showed undocumented immigrants in San Francisco contribute $22.8 million in local taxes and $22.6 million in state taxes. A 2018 report found immigrants in the metro area paid $7.8 billion in state and local taxes that year.

“In San Francisco, we’re about being inclusive in the political process,” Walton said. “There’s no better way to have folks be represented than to serve in leadership positions.”

And Souza serves as an example. Now a nearly 20-year resident of San Francisco, she is the first Deferred Action Childhood Arrivals recipient to be an aide to a supervisor. Her boss, Supervisor Aaron Peskin, represents District 3, which encompasses Chinatown and North Beach and has a 41% immigrant population. 

Souza said her background compelled her to tackle a citywide effort to get more immigrants to fill out the Census, especially because undocumented immigrants are historically undercounted due to mistrust of the government and fear of deportation. So far, the initiative has increased Census participation by 7 to 10%, according to the Office of Civic Engagement and Immigrant Affairs.

“I don’t know if there has been a commission that I haven’t wanted to put Sarah Souza on,” Mission District Supervisor Hillary Ronen said at a virtual town hall for Prop C.

Read our column on Prop. 22: “The Chronicle’s endorsement of Prop. 22 was as loathsome as it was predictable.”

But Souza doesn’t want to stop there. She wants to eventually take a seat on the Immigrant Rights Commission, despite being barred from the commission as a noncitizen.

Local Republican leaders think that’s fair. They disagree with Prop. C’s inclusion of “non-legal residents,” asserting that political leadership should be for citizens and legal residents.

John Dennis, the chairman of the San Francisco Republican Party who tried to unseat House Speaker Nancy Pelosi more than once, called it “ridiculous,” and “another loopy idea of the Democrats.”

San Franciscans echoed this sentiment in the past. The supes — which included current Gov. Gavin Newsom — unanimously supported an identical proposition that was struck down by 68% of voters in 2002.

But that was nearly two decades ago. Souza believes this is the “moment in history” when immigrants can increase political representation.

“We want to strengthen our democracy. We must encourage each other to serve,” Souza said.

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REPORTER. Annika Hom is our inequality reporter through our partnership with Report for America. Annika was born and raised in the Bay Area. She previously interned at SF Weekly and the Boston Globe where she focused on local news and immigration. She is a proud Chinese and Filipina American. She has a twin brother that (contrary to soap opera tropes) is not evil.

Follow her on Twitter at @AnnikaHom.

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  1. Serving on committees, boards, councils, etc makes you an elected public official and as such you should at least be a legal resident, if not citizen. And you should be able to speak fluent English, as well as any other language of choice. The fact that undocumented immigrants are paying state and local taxes is offset by the fact that undocumented immigrants, and their families, receive free public education and healthcare, at least in San Francisco if not California as a whole. Election or appointment into public office should be reserved for residents/citizens.

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    1. Sir or madam —

      Very few boards are elected. The vast majority are appointed.



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  2. “A 2017 study showed undocumented immigrants in San Francisco contribute $22.8 million in local taxes and $22.6 million in state taxes.”

    Well, how much was spent? If you mention money going one way, you should mention the other way as well to be fair.

    It’s about 10 times more money is spent than taxes brought in when speaking about undocumented immigrants.

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  3. ‘ and Prop C is a step toward achieving equity.’

    Equity? What equity are illegal aliens owed? Based on what? That they paid sales tax? By this logic, I could overstay my visa on a trip to Guatemala – or Mexico, Brazil, anywhere – and start demanding the right to sit on this or that civic board or panel?
    The Republicans have it right: this is a loopy proposition.

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