Caroline Ayres just wanted to hear about her kids’ school system. What she got was the hybrid of a political rally and a revival meeting. “It was,” she recalls, “an attempt at conversion via emotional outreach.”
It happened earlier this month on Mission Street, in a Sons of Italy outpost promising reasonable rates for its hall of mirrors. There, speaker after speaker excoriated the deplorable state of San Francisco’s public schools, particularly for black and Latino students, and lauded the work of charter schools, which were described as “our private educational institutions” by an African American clergyman.
Ayres, by the way, is not reflexively anti-charter school; her kids go to a charter school here in the city. But the level of rancor and fervency she encountered that night left her uneasy.
After 90-odd minutes of speeches — “No bathroom breaks! No nothing!” Ayres recalls — the 150 or more attendees were told to fill out “commitment forms” and whip out their mobile phones for a “mass text” of our elected leaders. As much personal information as possible — phone numbers, e-mail addresses — was gleaned. “They wanted to you sign their pledge and send the text,” says Ayres, “and they watched you like a hawk to make sure you did.”
The event was sponsored by Innovate Public Schools, and Ayres and multiple other attendees said this anodyne name gave them little notion of what was to come. “Innovate” is one of the most ubiquitous words tossed around regarding the educational system; several attendees told Mission Local they assumed this was a district-sponsored event.
Au contraire. Innovate is a South Bay-based group founded in 2013 and describing itself as a “nonprofit organization whose mission is to build the parent and community demand for world-class public schools, and to accelerate the growth of these schools, particularly for low-income students and students of color.”
Fair enough. But achieving this end has, reliably, taken the form of agitation for charter schools. The organization is generously funded by pro-charter outfits such as the Walton Family Foundation, which has put hundreds of millions of dollars into bankrolling taxpayer-funded, privately operated schools nationwide. Innovate’s own founding documents state that its raison d’être is to “focus on education reform that will support the creation of new charter schools and innovative district schools, parent choice, and strong systems of accountability.”
Prior to turning its eyes to the north, Innovate won contentious battles in the San Jose area, besting opponents claiming that charter schools are cannibalizing the public system. They began quietly cultivating black and Latino parents in the Bayview and Mission two years ago, but it’s only in the last several months that this has garnered much attention. The organization began saturating area residents’ social media feeds with links to its report claiming San Francisco schools are the very worst in all of California for poor students of color.
(The district disputes Innovate’s use of the data — but there’s no way to make the stats look good; generations of minority parents have complained that San Francisco’s schools have failed them, and the gaping achievement gap shows no indications of narrowing in the short term.)
Innovate’s report is titled, “A Dream Deferred,” a Langston Hughes reference lost on few. Also lost on few is the exquisite quality of this document’s online form, which allows readers ample opportunity to share it with elected officials — and share their personal data with Innovate — at the push of a button.
Innovate’s most recent tax forms indicate it grossed more than $4 million in 2015 alone, and its slick materials, excellent website, and a communications staff dwarfing the San Francisco Unified School District’s are indicative of that.
But, here in San Francisco, Innovate is also operating like a much leaner — and meaner — operation.
Last month, Innovate trumpeted on social media that it would be holding a “Parents’ Research Meeting” at Everett Middle School in the Mission. The announcement stated that assistant superintendent Tony Payne, who oversees San Francisco’s Mission-area schools, and Fernando Nunez, the director of the multilingual pathways department, would be present. Attendees were informed that parking was available in the school’s lot.
And yet, Everett staff — including its principal — had no idea who this group was; they didn’t even know this meeting was taking place. The school’s facilities manager confirmed that nobody asked him if they could park on school property.
An attendee of that meeting says it consisted of a woman describing herself as an “organizer” handing a script to parents, who then read questions to Payne. Nunez did not attend, and Payne did not return our calls; it is unclear if he knew who he was meeting with. But he certainly knows now: the glossy report indicating this city’s students of color fare worse than any others in the state was also liberally referenced and disseminated.
Innovate gave that report at its coming-out party at an October City Hall rally. But, despite the announced presence of individual NAACP members, both the state and national NAACP have, rather unambiguously, called for a moratorium on charter schools. Nonetheless, Innovate has disseminated promotional material liberally excerpting criticisms of San Francisco schools from the Rev. Amos Brown, the head of the local branch of the NAACP. That flier urges concerned readers to send a text message that both funnels them into an Innovate database and transmits Innovate’s “Children First Pledge” to city officials.
Brown is less than thrilled about being enlisted in this effort.
“You can tell everybody you see, whether in hell or heaven, that it is not my position to support Innovate and their move for charter schools,” Brown told us. “I want to make it crystal clear to those people: They are not to use my name in support of no charter school! I don’t appreciate this one bit.”
Mission Local has heard many such stories: Innovate staff packing public meetings and clapping and shouting at the right times; Innovate employees crashing seminars intended for parents, participating in them, and scouting for recruits; Innovate staff trying to gain entry into community organizations.
These are tactics more befitting campus Marxists or Lyndon LaRouche acolytes than a multi-million-dollar nonprofit with dozens of employees and a coterie of extremely wealthy backers. But the strategies employed by scrappy ideological groups do work — and can be even more effective when you have big bucks on-hand to pay professional organizers.
Innovate’s critics have accused it of being an “astroturfing” operation — a purveyor of phony grass-roots support named for the plastic grass once ubiquitous on indoor sports fields. But this accusation misses the point: Whatever one thinks of Innovate’s agenda, the intensity and potency of its organizing is not up for debate. Put succinctly: These people are organized. In fact, they’re hiring lots more organizers.
Innovate’s damning report about this city’s achievement gap isn’t just visually stunning. It’s also plausible. This city’s failure of its minority communities is not an abstract concept for the parents who attend Innovate rallies and grab the microphone. Innovate founder and CEO Matt Hammer bristles at the notion that the black and Latino parents — and churches — working with his organization and serving as its public face are being paid off. Their concern is real. Their fear and anger are justified.
It also happens to dovetail with the agenda of a Silicon Valley nonprofit that happens to be funded by big-money players who can be credibly accused of attempting to unmake the public education system.
Academics, meanwhile, are unimpressed with the actual substance of Innovate’s findings. The test being used as a cudgel by Innovate, the Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium (SBAC), has come under fire as a broken and unreliable measure of student performance.
San Jose State professor Roxana Marachi is one of more than 100 education researchers who has called for this exam to be junked. Among myriad complaints, she claims the test is riddled with “technological glitches” that render it far from “standardized.” The SBAC, she continues, is “designed so that 70 percent of those taking it fail,” and performance is correlated to family income to an uncanny degree.
“This is my biggest criticism of Innovate,” she says. “They know the tests are invalid. But they’re still pushing this because they want to create new schools. Charter schools.”
Hammer tells me that charter schools are “just a piece of the puzzle,” and that, despite years of effort sowing (even more) rancor with the district, he wants San Francisco Unified to succeed, not fail.
The CEO adds that he has “amazing people on my team” who’ve offered to help the school district start up “amazing district public schools.” Amazingly, no one from the district has gotten back to him on that.
Hammer’s group emphasizes accountability — an element that is sorely lacking in all corners of San Francisco government. But accountability works both ways. If Innovate really is about empowering the poor families of color and improving existing schools — and not just about serving the “charter schools uber alles” mantra of its donors — we will all be here to take note of it.
School may be out. But this isn’t over.