This Department of Building Inspection photo from December 2012 depicts the excavation that led to a collapse at the Kelly family home, endangering the building and two neighboring buildings

The feds: They’re not a subtle bunch. They’re even unsubtle when attempting to be subtle. 

Take this offhand mention on page four of the Oct. 19 indictment of connected real-estate broker Victor Makras and ex-PUC general manager Harlan Kelly for alleged bank fraud: “Building Inspector ‘BC’ signed a Certificate of Final Completion and Occupancy” at Kelly’s home.”

This is a reference not to the troglodyte comic strip but to Bernie Curran, the disgraced senior inspector and accused federal criminal with a penchant for gallivanting around the city and signing off on dodgy projects. Which happened here. Repeatedly.

It’s also an unsubtle hint that the feds may have been poking around to find more dodgy goings-on at Harlan and Naomi Kelly’s Inner Sunset residence than the alleged fraud they used to obtain a refi loan and funnel it into paying other debts.

Kelly resigned from his position in November, 2020, after being arrested and federally charged for alleged bribery. His wife, former City Administrator Naomi Kelly, has not been charged. She resigned in January. 

There remains much for the feds (or others) to sift through regarding this home, on which some 4,000 square feet were added a few years back. Among other things, the feds note that disgraced permit expediter, contractor and confessed federal criminal Walter Wong did $90,000 worth of construction work here, and no permits for that are readily available. 

Assessor/Recorder records reveal that a plethora of construction contractors filed liens on the property, which may help explain why the Kellys needed that refi loan.  

The numbers don’t always add up here. But, in the end, the equation always comes out the same: The Kellys, connected members of the City Family, were able to move ahead repeatedly, for transgressions that would enter a regular Jane or John Q. Public into a world of pain. 

In a 2018 photo, Victor Makras, far left, is sworn in as a Port Commissioner along with Gail Gilman by Mayor Mark Farrell. In a 2017 photo, the-PUC general manager Harlan Kelly, far right, poses with then- Public Works boss Mohammed Nuru.

Funny thing: The Oct. 19 indictment makes a reference to the “hand-written description” on the Certificate of Final Completion signed off by Curran. That indicates the feds obtained the actual document. 

Because if you look up this transaction on the Department of Building Inspection’s publicly accessible computer system, you’ll find another inspector’s name. To know Curran signed off here, you’d do well to obtain the actual document. 

For whatever reason, the feds saw fit to do this. And, indeed, Curran was on this project a lot. He seemed to pop up magically whenever things went wrong. 

Things went wrong a lot. 

In barely over a week during December, 2012, alone, this project managed to suffer a collapse and undermine two neighboring homes via an ill-advised and cavalier excavation, it was nabbed for dangerous electrical wiring, and it was reported for purportedly illegally demolishing the structure. 

Well, that’s a hell of a week. 

But while the ground may have literally collapsed beneath the Kelly family’s feet, it never did so on paper. Because it helps to have Curran et al. on the scene. Overseeing and signing off on the remedial steps related to the collapse conveniently fell to Curran; he cleared these permits and Notices of Violation as well as other matters on this site, even though someone else is sometimes listed as doing so on the DBI’s publicly accessible system. 

The cave-in at the Kelly home undermined two neighbors’ homes. The matter soon came under the watch of senior inspector Bernie Curran.

Less than a week after a reckless excavation triggered a collapse that threatened not just the Kelly home but two of its neighbors, hazardous wiring was flagged on the property. DBI abated that matter within days. 

The complaints of an illegal demolition came in only days later. And this issue was not abated quickly. On Dec. 28, 2012, the notes on DBI’s permit-tracking system state “ordering plans.” It was not a rush order: It ought to have taken days if not hours to obtain and check those plans, but it wasn’t until Dec. 12, 2013 — nearly a year later — that Curran ruled “demo appears to be consistent with plans” and closed the case. No corrective action was taken.

A connected inspector — aka a “specialist” — shelving a complaint on a connected project until the heat dies down is nothing new. Put it off, put it off, blow it off: It’s not complicated. But the demolition issue is. 

In San Francisco, the Department of Building Inspection and the Planning Department have differing definitions of a demolition, because of course they do. And, in fact, Planning determined that the Kelly’s remodel was drastic enough to be categorized as a demolition. 

That triggered a mandatory hearing, in which the Planning Commission approved the project. 

But here’s another funny thing: The plans listed in the document package for that hearing state that 69.25 percent of the interior elements of the home would be ripped out during construction. The Department of Building Inspection definition of a demolition is triggered when 66 percent is removed

If DBI had declared this project a demolition, it would have come under greater scrutiny, incurred more project costs, and been hit with a total reassessment — inflating its property tax base. It would have been a costly and major decision. But DBI saw fit to allow a 4,000 square foot addition, sextupling the size of the building, with plans to remove 69.25 percent of the structure’s interior elements, to be categorized as a renovation. 

It turns out that there’s room for interpretation in the building codes, and the interpretation seems to take into account whose building it is. By the letter of the code, shouldn’t DBI have defined this job from the get-go as a demolition instead of a mere remodel? “Not when you’re special,” answers a longtime DBI observer with a chuckle. 

Shouldn’t DBI have defined this job from the get-go as a demolition instead of a mere remodel? “Not when you’re special,” answers a longtime DBI observer with a chuckle.

But here’s another another funny thing: A few months later, in May, 2014, Kelly was issued a revision permit for this project. A revision permit is, essentially, the permit you apply for when you deviate from your plans. Of course, Curran handled that permit as well. 

Well, which one was it? Was it, as Curran signed off, “demo appears to be consistent with plans?” Or was it, as Curran also signed off, that there were revisions to those plans?

You’d think it couldn’t  be both, but it was. It helps to be special. 

The ‘remodel’ of the Kelly home removed 69.25 percent of the interior elements and sextupled the size of the building

The numbers on this project — well, they’re special too. 

Planning Department documents state that the “existing building area” of Harlan and Naomi Kelly’s home would go from 825 square feet to 2,841 square feet. And yet, the actual plans included in the same packet show an increase from 1,718 square feet to 4,772 square feet (there are semantic differences between square footage and “gross habitable square footage,” but not enough to account for a discrepancy of this magnitude). 

Assessor’s records, meanwhile, indicate the home grew from 763 square feet to 4,772 square feet. 

This led to a reassessment of the structural value from $279,038 in 2013 to $652,393 in 2014 and $842,085 in 2016. That’s a steep increase in the property tax base, but it still seems out of whack for a 4,009-square-foot addition. And had this project been unambiguously categorized as a demolition — meaning the home would be considered new construction — it’s hard not to see that assessment being even higher, along with the resultant property tax bill.

There are many unanswered questions here. But, apparently because of whose home it was, they were not asked. And, while all these shenanigans were taking place on the ground, Kelly was purportedly being guided through a bank fraud scheme by the deeply connected Victor Makras, a man described as being “tied into the inner sanctums of San Francisco politics.”   

In the end, Kelly, a connected city politico and pillar of the City Family, was enabled and deferred to. Repeatedly. 

It wasn’t subtle. 

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Managing Editor/Columnist. Joe was born in San Francisco, raised in the Bay Area, and attended U.C. Berkeley. He never left.

“Your humble narrator” was a writer and columnist for SF Weekly from 2007 to 2015, and a senior editor at San Francisco Magazine from 2015 to 2017. You may also have read his work in the Guardian (U.S. and U.K.); San Francisco Public Press; San Francisco Chronicle; San Francisco Examiner; Dallas Morning News; and elsewhere.

He resides in the Excelsior with his wife and three (!) kids, 4.3 miles from his birthplace and 5,474 from hers.

The Northern California branch of the Society of Professional Journalists named Eskenazi the 2019 Journalist of the Year.

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  1. Don’t forget about Marcus Armstrong DBI stealing millions and found guilty. Herrera steps In with public integrity BS and the activity continues. I believe he and controller Harrington conspired to take over PUC after feeding info to the feds, just to hide their own corruption . Should have been disbarred from office after Ca. Supreme Court cited him for conflict of interest against his former client. Ed Lee was a thug too!

  2. I worked for DPW when Mohammed Nuru was hired. It was my job to ‘orient’ him to be the Director of Public Works. His prior experience was very marginal, he had organized a neighborhood crew to clean up his neighborhood. The minute I met him I knew he was poor choice, as he referred to his skin color. I knew then that this would never work….it took along time, but finally the City caught on that he was incompetent. And he took Harlan Kelly with him…before that Harlan was a very competent employee, who was a rising star….it’s a sad story, but finally the truth came out.

  3. I’m related to a building inspector in another California City and apparently this stuff happens all the time. Different rules for different people. Part of his job is to drive around looking for rule violations and is rewarded with pay increases for red-tagging non-compliance projects, yet the well-connected are given a free pass and don’t have to jump through the same hoops.

  4. To think that Harlan’s rise in the City started because he stopped someone from shoving a pie into Willie Brown’s face at a Great Sweep event 25+ years ago.

  5. In 2016 I sold my 1400 foot house for $850,000 but Kellys’ house in a much better area and at 4700 feet as worth $847,000?

  6. Keeping it in the family! Nothing changes. Don’t stop at DPI. Keep looking into DPW. More Willie Brown people in charge. Tipping fees at Recology doesn’t stop. Non-profits running wild. Dpw can’t even keep their own yard clean, not to mention the City!

  7. What I find interesting is that Harlan is a Civil Engineer and responsible for overseeing billions of dollars in construction during his career, yet he allows an unsafe situation to exist at his own residence. Makes it clear to me why there have been so many problems with public construction projects in San Francisco. Somebody should maybe check out his license. Just a thought.

      LICENSE STATUS: CLEAR Primary Status Definition
      ISSUANCE DATE JULY 14, 1995

  8. What does being “progressive” have to do with this? It’s simple corruption. Happens most times when a privileged few get control of government and the press doesn’t do its job. The Chronicle is beholden to the bureaucracy for approvals of its own real estate deals and doesn’t want to rock the boat.

  9. Good work Joe but no big surprise in the uncovering of more transgressions with DBI and City officials. It is as if their actions imply that the rules mandated by DBI and Civic legislation aren’t really rules at all as they seem to apply differently case by case even if public safety is at risk. There is even one incident of DBI looking the other way and ignoring the law by not requiring a home remodel to comply with the Slope Side Protection Act while at the very same time they made an identical home a few doors down comply with law by recurring a Structural Advisory Committee review which resulted many recommendations and required in an extensive retrofit to make the home safe for it’s occupants and the homeowners below the home that would be at great risk in the event of a slide. How can a DBI Senior Inspector require the SAC review and retrofit in one case while ignoring an even worse scenario just a few doors up and at great risk to public safety and welfare. Is it just a coincidence that in the case of the illegally remodeled home the engineer of record is Jason Hui, the son of disgraced ex DBI Chief Tom Hui. Go figure…

    The worst part is that the citizens of San Francisco are the people who pay the heaviest price for these crimes perpetrated by crooked City officials. What is the toll the innocent victims end up paying to investigate and convict these criminals???

    1. Based on your comment about Jason Hui, a compliant need to be filled against his SE or PE Lic with the CA Board of Professioanl Engineers and Land Surveyors. This will teach him a lesson
      Would you like to take the honor?
      This is why the City Adminstrator and her CMD/Romulus Asenloo don’t require State Lic for Constrcution and Engineering LBE certification at the rate of 66% without the required Lic, they need fixers not Professionals

  10. Good work as always Joe.
    Anyway the city can take it over and fix it up? Turn it into affordable housing for the homeless . Better use of 4000sqft

  11. And the progressives want to run our economy, take charge of our health system,
    and “reform” the justice system! Oh, I forgot. They want to educate our children too.

    1. Why is Patrick O’Riordan still considered a candidate to run DBI? This all went down when he worked there and he is just as much a part of this corruption. I hope the feds keep digging as our City Attorney doesn’t seem to care.